Vulnerability of Sea Ports
A great effort has been done these last few years, to increase the security and defense of maritime shipping through out the world.
These efforts are being led by the USA through the guidance published to all exporting ports (ISPS) and also according to the new regulations of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
The main attention is the peripheral security of the port and especially to checking of outgoing containers.
What about the vulnerability of the port itself and its nearest surroundings?
The port itself becomes a weak point in the general preparedness.
The terror organizations are having difficulties to act and attack the aerial transportation as they did on September 11th, 2001.
Almost all world countries have invested a lot of money in preventing the possibility to attack airplanes. But in the maritime area the terror organizations can easily use a vassal with containers to perform "mega terror" event, inside the port itself.
A maritime port receives each day thousands of containers and tankers from deferent destinations. There is no difficulty to insert to the middle of the port a tanker/ container filled with explosives or hazardous materials and have it explode.
Further more, tankers/ containers filled with hazardous materials are common in ports, so all the terrorist needs is to plant a detonator and transforming the entire tanker/ container to a giant bomb.
Such an attack in a maritime port will cause many casualties inside the port, but a wider range of population will be affected in the nearest area of the port. Also comes with out saying, the great financial loses caused by the many days the port will be shut and out of order.
Is the Port Authority prepared to give a response to such event?
In Israel, the general responsibility to handle a terror event is on the police.
But we must remember that the immediate actions done by the people on site are the most efficient for saving lives.
There for, each port should be prepared so that it can give an immediate response up till the time of transferring the responsibility to the police and other emergency organizations.
"IsraTeam" has the knowledge and a vast experience in threat analysis, establishing unique definition scenarios to each facility and institute. Establishing needed competing ways according to the existing abilities of the organization and according to the general requirements of the police and other emergency organizations.
1. Risk assessment for the vulnerability of the port.
2. Presenting the "definition scenario" and the meaning outcomes, to be approved by the management.
3. Presenting the needed preparedness for response at the policy level and approving it.
4. Writing the response manual of all the organization to the different scenarios.
5. Handling the population in the port and the threatened area.
6. The relationship with the Police and emergency organizations, command control and communication'.
7. Educating and guiding the port personnel.
8. Planning and conducting Table-top exercises and training to check the preparedness and redness.